Organs of the Respiratory System

Organs of the Respiratory System

Quick Fact!The rate at which human beings breathe is 12-18 breaths per minute. There are 1440 units in 24 hours, as a result, the average number of breaths drawn in by a human being (at a rate of 12 breathing per minute) in the day's time is 17,280.The main function of respiratory system is to allow gas exchange (oxygen and carbon dioxide) with different parts of the body. The various organs of the respiratory system are nose, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.

These Kinds of Organs Carry Out the Operation of Respiration

The process of respiration is classified as aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen while anaerobic respiration doesn't require oxygen. The organs of a persons respiratory system perform aerobic respiration and fulfill the oxygen demands of our body. Organs of the Respiratory SystemA detailed study of the respiratory system should help us understand the process of respiration. Functions of various organs in the respiratory system are presented below. NoseIt is really a respiratory organ by which air is inhaled and exhaled. Nostrils (also referred to as external nares) are the various components of the nose which facilitate the process of inhalation and exhalation.1. Vestibule is part of nostrils which is lined with coarse hair. It filters as well as humidifies the air getting into the nasal cavity.

Contraction of muscles of the diaphragm leads to expansion of the thoracic cavity; contraction of diaphragm is important from the point of expansion of lungs at the time of inhalation. Interesting A look at Respiratory System1. There are over 600 million alveoli in the lungs of an adult person.

  • Cartilage is an external part of the nose which forms the tip.
  • The bony shelves that project from side surfaces of the nose tend to be referred to as inferior, midsection as well as superior nasal conchae.

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Meatuses are the Areas Present Among Conchae.

PharynxPharynx is really a tubular part of the respiratory system allowing the passage of air into lungs. It is located at the rear of the nasal and oral cavities. Pharynx is actually connected to the skull cavity by means of muscles and connective tissues. The different elements of pharynx are since follows:

Improper Sleeping Position

Not using a pillow when sleeping at night can also cause stomach acids to be able to leak in to the esophagus (food pipe) and trigger mucus to accumulate in the neck. This may at some point help make the person shhh at night. So, when lying down, make sure to use a pillow as it will help to keep the head elevated and reduce the risk of acid reflux. Furthermore, sleeping immediately publish lunch or dinner can result in acid reflux disorder signs and symptoms. So, before prone, make sure there is a gap of at least 2 hours after meals.

  • Epiglottis is composed of cartilaginous tissue.
  • It is located in the starting of larynx (back of the tongue); the epiglottis is actually covered with mucous.

Since the epiglottis receives abraded easily (it is in the digestive tract), its surface is covered with a layer of non-keratinized and also stratified squamous epithelial cells. LarynxIt is really a part of the respiratory system which connects the trachea with laryngopharynx. The larynx controls the flow of air at the time of breathing.

Capillaries Connect the Alveoli With the Rest of the Body.

Alveoli are found in the lungs of mammals only. Gas Exchange ProcessThe means of gasoline exchange in alveoli will be seen as a inhalation of o2 and exhalation of carbon dioxide.

Oxygen makes its way into the bloodstream cells by means of alveoli and a network of capillaries.

Carbon dioxide is collected from the blood and maintained in order to lungs.

  • Carbon dioxide diffuses from capillaries that surround the alveoli and is finally exhaled by lungs.
  • DiaphragmThe diaphragm is made of skeletal muscle groups.
  • It creates a partition between the thoracic and abdominal cavity.

Avoid Food At Night

Case your persistent cough during the night is because of stomach acid becoming pushed up within the throat, skipping meals at night might assist to prevent signs related to acid reflux. If this is not possible, make sure that you lie down 3 hours after having meals.

Diet and Lifestyle: The most important factor, which usually can help you guide a healthy life is a healthy diet and also an excellent lifestyle. As far as the diet is worried, it ought to be rich in antioxidants, selenium, vitamin c and E, and beta carotene. For the greatest results, you have to consume whole grains, nuts, wheat germ, vegetable acrylic, dark-colored fruits, and vegetables on a regular basis. This kind of a diet protects you from lung harm, and is good for smokers too. According to some studies, beta carotene is beneficial for protecting and strengthening the lungs; and this can be found abundantly in mangoes, carrots, apricots, sweet potatoes, peppers, as well as cantaloupes. A wellbalanced diet, together with regular exercises, tend to be the basics of a healthy lifestyle.

  • Dry Cough and Sore ThroatDry Cough and Sore Throat Sometimes, a sore throat can be accompanied by cough, which can be productive or non-productive. A non-productive cough is also known as a dry cough, which can be identified by the absence of phlegm or sputum production, unlike a productive...
  • The tracheal tube, when divided into two at the caudal end, gives rise to the left and right bronchus.

    The left bronchus is shorter than the right one; the left one is sub-divided into 2 lobar bronchi; right bronchus, on the other hand, is sub-divided into 3 lobar bronchi. LungsHuman lungs are usually conical organs present in the pleural tooth decay. These people carry out the work of providing the body with o2 and removing co2.
    • Use a humidifier to be able to increase the moisture in your room.
    • However, ensure that you are using sterile normal water for the equipment.

    Inhaling vapor aids hydrate throat as well as nasal passages, and reduce irritability. Put some hot water in a large vessel and cover your head with a towel. Make sure that the bath towel is covering the charter boat also, so that it creates a steamy surroundings inside of. Then, carefully take a breath the steam. You can get similar benefits by spending some time in a very steam-filled bathroom.


    Sinusitis is a viral or bacterial infection that makes the sinuses swollen. A lot of people suffering from sinus infection often cough during the night. Sinusitis causes irritation to the throat which usually results into coughing.


    During the first three days of going through cold symptoms such as runny nose and coughing, you are susceptible to spread the infection to others. Since colds can be easily spread through get in touch with as well as just being close to someone who is actually sneezing, you need to stay home and rest until the symptoms relieve or subside. In a standard cool an infection, the sinus secretions are watery in the few days, and afterwards turn out to be heavier and dim. The infection can be caused by some of the hundreds viruses; nevertheless, if the symptoms don't start to improve after a week, then you might have a bacterial infection, which is why you will need medicines. Consult your physician in order to determine if you have an allergy or nose infection.


    As we have just seen that respiratory disease is contagious, it is wise to follow preventive steps in order to avoid that.

    Vaccination is the Best Way of Preventing Bronchitis.

    As the infection is contagious, it is recommended to stay away from people suffering from virtually any respiratory system disorders.

    Can also be recommended to prevent sharing personal articles of daily use just like towels, toothbrush, and so on., meals or clothes with people suffering from any respiratory disease.

    Stop cigarette smoking and continue to reduce exposure to commercial irritants, secondhand smoke cigarettes, and so on., in order to avoid chronic bronchitis.

    Lastly, following basic methods of personal hygiene and hygiene such as washing hands, using hands sanitizers, etc., help in preventing infections to a large degree.

    • Bronchitis will be a serious respiratory disorder and hence, timely diagnosis and treatment is essential.
    • Lastly, remember the old saying, reduction is better than cure!
    • Consequently, following the aforesaid preventive measures can help in stopping the disease to a great extent.

    Factors Related to Chronic Dry Cough

    Given the connection of the problem with the amount of medical conditions, it is somehow difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. But health workers have been able to find out some leads to, based on the diagnosis they perform regarding their patients. Also, generally, longterm dry cough is often the result of an additional persistent main medical problem. The common causes may well include:Other CausesTreatment.