Cronic Bronchitis: Coughing Up Phlegm
Coughing is a reflex response occurring due to stimulation of the sensory nerves in the inner lining of the respiratory passages. It usually occurs due to blockage in the respiratory passages by inhaling dust particles in the air, or when a morsel of food goes down through the wrong passage. Phlegm or mucus is a thick, jelly-like fluid coughed up from the throat.
Acute bronchitis can also start with a dry cough, which is then followed by the production of a small amount of white or yellow sputum, wheezing, a sore throat, fever, shortness of breath, and a burning sensation in the chest. Bronchitis refers to the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viral or bacterial infections, while chronic bronchitis is caused by smoking or long-term occupational exposure to irritating fumes or dust.
A sore throat and dry cough can also be associated with smoking, inhalation of foreign particles or irritants, sinus infections, and postnasal drip. In postnasal drip, the nasal mucosa produces excess mucus, which then accumulates in the throat or back of the nose. This can cause a sore throat and cough. Apart from these, gastroesophageal reflux disease can produce soreness in the throat and a dry cough, besides causing difficulty in swallowing.
- Remedy # 2 - Steaming One of the best remedy for a sore throat and dry cough is to carry through a steaming session.
- Boil a vessel of water and add 3-4 drops of eucalyptus oil in it.
- Then cover the vessel with a towel and go on to take a steam.
- Come up for fresh air every time the steam gets too much for you.
- Continue doing this till the water has cooled down.
- Steaming dislodges the built mucus and pushes it down to the throat.
- This then helps in speeding the healing process.
- The other alternative is to draw a hot bath, add the eucalyptus oil in it and soak for 20 minutes.
How to Increase Lung Capacity
Cardiovascular Activities: Cardiovascular exercises are perfect for increasing lung capacity and for enhancing cardiovascular function. Walking, running, jogging, rowing, swimming, dancing, skiing, cycling, skating, and aerobic exercises, should be done on a regular basis. Don't overdo any of these activities, to avoid strain on your muscles or any other injury. These exercises are also good for the muscles. They involve consistent movement of the large muscles of the body, which triggers a strong demand for oxygen. Therefore the rate of breathing increases to satisfy the demand of oxygen, thereby increasing lung capacity to a certain extent.
On a figuring note, pulmonary edema could be a sign of congestive heart failure or other serious medical conditions. Therefore, medical attention must be sought by those who experience the aforementioned symptoms. Chest X-rays, pulse oximetry, ECG, blood tests, and also the study of lung sounds, etc., are a few of the tests that can help diagnose this condition. Abnormal lung appears such as discontinuous bubbling, rattling, or clicking sounds could be a measure of pulmonary edema.
- Along with medications, a few simple home remedies can also help reduce coughing and throat soreness.
- For example, you can use slightly warm saline water to gargle your throat two to three times a day.
How Long is Bronchitis Contagious After Taking Antibiotics?
Antibiotics are prescribed to treat bacterial cases of bronchitis. After taking antibiotics, the infection usually subsides completely in 7-8 days. But, antibiotics are ineffective against viral infection and chronic cases of bronchitis. In minor cases, the infection resolves on its own. Once the symptoms subside completely, after completing the course of antibiotics, bronchitis is not contagious.
Besides the particular cardiogenic factors, pulmonary edema could also be attributed to non-cardiogenic conditions such as exposure or breathing of toxins, acute respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory infections, pulmonary embolism, adverse reaction to certain drug treatments, lung injury, neurogenic pulmonary edema, or when one nearly drowns.
- Yellow Phlegm: It may be possible that the phlegm may change its consistency and color depending on the stage of the condition.
- Yellow mucus is seen in case of a bacterial infection, lower respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, cold, or flu.
- Know that it is the accumulation of inflammatory cells that produce a thick, yellow mucus.
- Besides, the ejection of phlegm becomes very painful and uncomfortable, especially when it thickens.
- Elastic tension increases during inspiration and decreases due to recoil during expiration.
- Lung compliance is inversely proportional to elastic resistance.
- The elastic forces that are responsible for lung compliance include:
The time required for complete recovery from pneumonia is usually between 2 weeks to 2 months depending on the severity of the infection, and the immune system of the individual who has contracted the disease.
Air hunger or gasping for breath Blood-tinged sputum Rapid, irregular heartbeat Weakness or fatigue Pale skin Excessive sweating Chest soreness (if lung edema is caused by a cardiovascular problem)
Pulmonary Edema and Heart Failure
The human heart is a buff organ that consists four chambers. The upper chambers tend to be referred to as right atrium and still left atrium, whilst the lower chambers are classified as right ventricle and left ventricle. Even though the atria get bloodstream, the function of pumping bloodstream to the other parts of the body is actually carried out by the left ventricle. Let us find out how the heart operates.
- Breathlessness The victim experiences shortness of breath.
- Similar to cough, in the initial stage, it will be at a minimal level; however, gradually the condition will worsen.
- Breathlessness occurs predominantly as one ages.
- However, do not use this as a jacket cover and delay the diagnosis.
- Report the way you feel to your medical practitioner, so that treatment may begin in the neonatal stages of the condition.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Although the lungs are the most common site for this kind of infection to happen, it can occur in any organ of the body, like the spinal cord, kidneys, or the brain. TB is contagious and can spread to a healthy person from a person infected with it. TB may be either latent or active. A latent type does not show any symptoms until it becomes active.
Restlessness or perhaps anxiety Feeling of suffocation Rapid breathing Wheezing Gurgling sounds although breathing
- Postnasal drip is responsible for causing a sore throat, it can be relieved with the help of decongestants.
- If the pain in the throat is unbearable, you can take painkillers under the supervision of your physician.
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- Asthma . is marked by major symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and dyspneal breathing.
- Phlegm is coughed out with much difficulty due to which your throat may experience momentary irritation and/or aggravation.
Case of pulmonary fibrosis, the elastic properties of the lungs get affected due to the replacement of elastin by collagen. Collagen is not as elastic as elastin, which affects the ability to lungs to stretch or expand. This leads to reduced compliance. On the other hand, emphysema is characterized by damage to the elastic tissue of the alveolar sacs in the lungs due to enzymes secreted by leukocytes (white blood cells). Smokers are at a high risk for emphysema. The secretion of enzymes occurs due to exposure to irritants from cigarette smoke.
Emphysema leads to poor elastic recoil, which in turn leads to high lung compliance. People affected by emphysema find it harder to exhale or expel air out of the lungs. As a result, they experience shortness of breath. At times, the alveolar sacs could become filled with fluid due to edema, which in turn might be observed in case of pneumonia or left-sided heart failure. This will also result in reduced lung compliance.
- Diseases that Affect the Lungs Lung diseases may result from problems in one or multiple parts of the organ.
- Some common examples have been listed below.
- Symptoms of Lung Disease
- Sometimes, a sore throat and dry cough can occur simultaneously, while at other times, a dry cough can follow a sore throat.
- This condition can be alleviated or treated effectively once the underlying cause/causes are discerned.
- So, let's find out the factors or conditions that can cause a sore throat and dry cough.
The Deoxygenated Blood Moves Straight Into the Right Atrium
Afterwards, it moves through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. From there, it is pumped with the lung blood vessels to the lungs, where it gets oxygenated. The pulmonary veins carry the oxygenated blood to the left atrium. The particular mitral valve based between the left atrium and left ventricle opens to be able to allow the bloodstream to pass to the left ventricle. The control device closes in order to avoid the backflow of blood into the remaining atrium. The oxygenated blood is then carried by the aorta to different parts of the body.
- Smoking . causes coughing of phlegm that is green, rusty-brown, yellow, blood-stained, or foul-smelling.
- Gastroesophageal reflux, . or bacterial, or viral infections in the lungs, like acute bronchitis, whooping cough, and croup in children.
Dyspnea (shortness of breath) Dyspnea on exertion Orthopnea (shortness of air although lying down)
Hikers or perhaps skiers are usually susceptible to high-altitude pulmonary edema, which usually occurs over 8,000 toes. Treatment plans might be seen as an symptoms such as dyspnea after exertion. At times, shortness of breath could be experienced while resting. Cough, headaches, a fever, heart palpitations, difficulty moving uphill, blood-tinged frothy sputum, or even upper body pain is also another symptoms which may be experienced.
Aspiration Pneumonia Treatment To give you the basics, the term pneumonia is used to refer to the inflammation of lungs. In many people, this is induced by infectivity. Now this infection could be brought on by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and even parasites; of...
- Pharyngitis Pharyngitis is the infection or inflammation of the pharynx or the back of the throat.
- The affected individual can experience a sore throat, scratchiness in the throat, and difficulty in swallowing.
- Sometimes, a fever, a runny nose, headaches, and body aches can also be experienced.
- However, the most common symptom of this condition is a sore throat, which can be accompanied by a dry cough at times.
- Pharyngitis can be caused by both viral and bacterial infections.
- Mononucleosis Also known as the 'kissing disease', mononucleosis spreads through contact with the saliva of the infected individual.
- This viral disease is characterized by fever and enlarged lymph nodes, especially in the neck and the armpits.
- This infectious disease can also cause swollen tonsils, fatigue or malaise, skin rash, and headaches.
- Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, and is more common in teenagers and young adults.
One of the other risk associated with the disease is that as it is a highly contagious disease, it is spread very easily. Lastly, although you should be aware of these potential dangers, you should also remember that the possibility of death occurring due to whooping cough is very rare. Whooping cough can be treated and cured completely. Take care!
- Remedy # 5 - Hot Water Seems too simple?
- Good, that's basically the idea.
- Hot water when sipped throughout the day will keep the throat from drying up, thus preventing the painful bouts of dry cough.
- Other than that it will also act as a means of killing the bacterial growth and providing relief from the pain and inflammation in the throat.
The Absence of Timely Treatment, Flu May Worsen Into a Lung Infection
Exposure to bacteria, fungi, and environmental toxins can also cause an infection. So, take all precautionary measures always to ensure that you are protected. If you ever experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.
What is Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is a respiratory disorder caused by bacteria known as Bordetella pertussis. The bacteria cause infection in the lungs which gives rise to certain symptoms like cough, mild fever, nasal congestion, vomiting, fatigue, etc. However, the symptoms of this condition, at an early stage, appear similar to the symptoms of common cold. The severe symptoms like face turning red or blue, sever dry cough, etc., develop a week later and hence, identifying this condition early is very difficult. Whooping cough is highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person through the droplets expelled out while sneezing and coughing. This condition can be found in people of all age groups; but babies and children are at a higher risk of contracting it. Antibiotics are used for the treatment of whooping cough.
Various lung diseases may also lead to coughing up of blood (a condition known as hemoptysis), skin color taking on a bluish color (due to lack of oxygen in the blood), and most commonly chest pain.
Leads to episodes marked by a spasmodic pattern of coughing. Directly affecting the pulmonary system, the cough is thick in consistency and varies in color depending on the severity of the condition. In the prodromal stages of the condition, a patient is found to eject yellow phlegm; however, if the condition is not checked on time, the sputum color may change to green, or may be stained with traces of blood.
Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms
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Treatment The treatment depends on whether the tuberculosis is latent or active. Treatment takes a long time and can span up to a period of more than 9 months. For latent TB, an antibiotic known as isoniazid (INH) is administered for a period of around 9 months. For active TB, the doctor usually prescribes a combination of four different types of antibiotics, given for a period of around 6 months, which might be extended to continue for another 3 - 4 months if needed. In severe cases, a surgery to remove the affected lung tissues may be required. It is imperative that the patient takes the medicines for the suggested period regularly without missing any dose.
- The name whooping cough comes from the sound 'whoop' that occurs when a person is suffering from coughs.
- Whooping cough is also known as pertussis.
- A few decades ago, whooping cough was one of the most common causes of deaths in children and babies all around the world.
- Today the frequency of the disease has reduced by a great deal due to the availability of vaccination.
- However, one cannot ignore the possible dangers of whooping cough that can occur, if the condition is left untreated or is not treated properly.
- Let us first take a brief look at the disease and then know more on the dangers related to it.
- Know the Causes Common cold, . a frequent cause of acute coughing up of phlegm, especially in the morning.
- Allergies . due to irritants, like dust, pet dander, chemical fumes, etc.
Symptoms of Pulmonary Edema
When smooth out of the blue builds up in the lungs, one is diagnosed with acute pulmonary edema. This is a serious medical condition that may prove to be life-threatening in the absence of treatment. The symptoms include:
Phlegm with Blood: Blood may appear in the sputum if you smoke excessively, or are exposed to pollution. Besides, coughing up phlegm with blood indicates that there is severe congestion in the respiratory passages, or minor damage to the tissue of the sinus and nasal cavities. However, phlegm with traces of blood must be attended to without delay, as it may be the indicator of an impending health problem. To err on the side of caution, consult a medical practitioner immediately.
It is Not Intended to be a Substitute for the Advice of Physician.
Garlic: Garlic contains antibiotic and antifungal properties. Chew on 2 cloves of garlic in the morning and evening. However, the taste of garlic is extremely strong which makes it difficult to chew. So, when you chew garlic, take 1 spoon of honey along with it. But, be warned about the fact that eating garlic can make your breath smell.
- Laryngitis The inflammation of the larynx or the voice box is referred to as laryngitis.
- It can be caused by upper respiratory infections or an overuse of the voice box by singing or shouting.
- A dry and sore throat, hoarseness or loss of voice, and cough are the common symptoms of this condition.
- Children can experience croup, a type of hoarse, barking cough due to laryngitis.
- Cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and wheezing are the most common symptoms which show up in a person suffering from any kind of lung disease.
- Although rare but incidents of stridor (refers to a whistling sound; usually occurs during inspiration).
Sometimes, a sore throat can be accompanied by cough, which can be productive or non-productive. A non-productive cough is also known as a dry cough, which can be identified by the absence of phlegm or sputum production, unlike a productive cough.
- Another home remedy for these two conditions is lemon juice.
- Add a few drops of honey to it and drink the mixture.
- You can also mix about 1 to 2 teaspoons apple cider vinegar in a glass of water, and drink the mixture to get relief from the soreness.
- Case of persistent pulmonary edema, the individual might develop inflammation as a result of smooth retention in the extremities.
- This usually occurs in case of an individual affected by congestive heart failure.
- Also, the sufferer might wake up at night as a result of the feeling of breathlessness.
- The feeling generally resolves by changing from lying down in order to sitting down position.
- Furthermore, dyspnea, wheezing, and fatigue are knowledgeable.
- Allergy As mentioned above, allergy is the most common cause of chest congestion.
- Allergic reaction can be experienced from various airborne products; resulting in cough, rash and occasional congestion.
- People allergic to pollen, smoke, dust, mold, etc., experience these symptoms.
The left ventricle is unable to pump blood properly as a result of damage to the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), coronary artery disease (hardening or narrowing of the blood vessels due to cholesterol deposits), or the backflow of blood to the still left atrium due to a valve defect, the particular left atrium will come under pressure. As a result, smooth may back up in the lungs. Afterwards, the actual alveolar sacs may fill up with blood. This has an adverse effect on the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, which in turn leads to shortness of breath.
Treatment of Dry Cough and Sore Throat
The treatment of these two conditions depends on the underlying causes. If these are caused by bacterial infections, then antibiotics can be used. Cough suppressants and throat lozenges can also help reduce the soreness in the throat.
Pulmonary edema refers to a condition in which fluid is pushed into alveolar sacs, which can be tiny air sacs in the lungs wherein the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide happens. As a result of the accumulation of smooth inside lungs, one's ability to breathe is adversely affected. More often than not, pulmonary edema will be caused due to congestive heart failure, a heart condition in which the heart struggles to pump adequate amount of blood through the entire body. Pulmonary edema should not be mistaken for pleural effusion, which in turn is a condition where liquid accumulates round the lungs. The following sections provide information on the causes and signs of fluid in the lungs.
- Steam inhalation is another effective remedy for a sore throat.
- It can help clear up the nasal passage, and promote the expulsion of mucus.
One also needs to take enough rest, and follow a healthy and balanced diet to accelerate the healing process. Many times, installing a humidifier can also provide some relief. But if your cough and throat soreness persist for several days, or if these are accompanied by a high-grade fever, severe pain in the throat, rash, enlarged or swollen lymph nodes in the neck, and blood in saliva, be sure to evaluate the condition immediately with the help of your physician.