Respiratory Infection Bronchitis: Diseases of the Lung
Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the main air passages to the lungs, it usually follows a viral respiratory infection. To be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis, you need to have a cough with mucus most days of the month for at least 3 months. The symptoms of either kind of bronchitis include: Cough that produces mucus; if yellow-green in colour, you happen to be more likely to have a bacterial disease Shortness of breath worsened by exertion or mild activity Even after acute bronchitis has cleared, you may have a dry, nagging cough that lingers for several weeks.
- Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs.
- Bronchitis may be either long-term or acute.
- A more severe ailment, chronic bronchitis, is a persistent irritation or inflammation of the bronchial tubes, often due to smoking.
- Chronic bronchitis is among the conditions contained in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Viral pathogens are the most common reason for respiratory infection in travelers; causative agents include rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, measles, mumps, adenovirus, and coronavirus. Clinicians also need to consider innovative viral causes of respiratory infection in travelers, including Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus, avian influenza H5N1 (referred to as H5N1), and avian influenza H7N9 (referred to as H7N9).
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Specific travelers have a higher risk for respiratory tract infection, including kids, the elderly, and people with comorbid pulmonary ailments, like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Particular situations that may require medical intervention comprise the following: Vaccines are offered to prevent quite a few of respiratory diseases, including influenza, S. pneumoniae infection, H. influenzae type B infection (in young kids), pertussis, diphtheria, varicella, and measles.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Symptoms and Treatment
Sinus infection (sinusitis) symptoms may include headaches, a sore throat, and toothaches. Allergies may cause recurring sinusitis and can last up to three months. Antibiotics and home remedies can alleviate sinus infection (sinusitis) symptoms.
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, may also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis. Antibiotics are the first line treatment for pneumonia; nevertheless, they truly are not successful or suggested for viral or parasitic illnesses. Acute bronchitis can be defined as acute bacterial or viral infection of the larger airways in healthy patients without history of persistent disease. Treatment of acute bronchitis with antibiotics is common but controversial as their use has only reasonable benefit weighted against possible side effects (nausea and vomiting), increased resistance, and price of treatment in a self-limiting condition. Antibiotics can be given to patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis while acute bronchitis frequently will not require antibiotic treatment.